An Insight Into How Stem Cell Injections Heal Damaged Knees

In Blog by Staff Writer

Over the years, regenerative stem cell therapy has proven to be the most effective alternative to surgery, cortisone steroid injections or simple physical therapy. There have been a lot of clinical research that confirms the effectiveness of this treatment.

The most significant feature of this form of treatment is that it offers patients relief from chronic pain and difficulty to heal injuries. The healing is carried out without the use of any medications or risky reconstructive surgeries. These days researchers are also discovering ways to use this form of treatment for common chronic conditions such as heart disease, neurodegenerative disease, and diabetes.

The most common use of stem cell therapy is for controlling chronic knee pain. This is accomplished by using stem cell injections for the knee. The concentrated stem cells are directly injected into the painful area of the knee. As the cell’s growth factors start working, new skin cells and connective tissues are built and the knee gets healed.

There is a common query regarding this treatment amongst the patients. It is that if they already have stem cells in their knees, why are they not fixing the damage.

The answer to this question is that yes the knees indeed have stem cells in the normal cartilage.

In-fact in the injured knees, stem cells are seen in larger numbers in the recognition that a degenerative disease has occurred. However, despite being present in large numbers, the inherent stem cells act chaotically and are unable to regroup themselves into a healing mechanism and repair the injured area.

But, when stem cell injections are used for the knee, the native stem cells are redirected into performing the normal healing functions. The joint environment is completely changed from chaotic to healing as a result of these injections.

How does it work?

Here is a closer look at how the injections actually heal the damaged area of the knee.

When the stem cells are introduced into a damaged joint of the knee, the inherent bone marrow stem cells display plasticity and multipotency. This means they display the ability to change into other cell types and they also show the strength to multiply. The new stem cells signal the inherent stem cells and the other growth factors to regroup and begin repairing damaged joints.

The Mesenchymal stem cell or the connective tissue stem cells abolish inflammatory T-cell proliferation and provide an anti-inflammatory effect. This, in turn, subdues the damaging chronic inflammation.

The connective tissue stem cells have various growth factors – an array of bioactive molecules that stimulate local tissue repair. These growth factors and the direct cell to cell contact between connective tissue stem cells (MSCs) and chondrocytes( the inherent cartilage cells in the joint) influence chondrogenic differentiation and cartilage matrix formation- in simple words -stem cells regenerated cartilage.

The stem cell injections for the knee can help in regrowing cartilage and stop chronic inflammation. This happens as the stem cells promote rapid and accelerated bone healing. Thus, by the use of stem cell therapy, cartilage can be regrown, bone can be regrown, swelling can be reduced; it can be concluded that stem cells provide a curative effect. Many doctors suggest that people suffering from chronic knee pain and injuries can greatly benefit from periodic injection of stem cells in the affected area.

Although before choosing this therapy patients need to understand that this is not a one day therapy. This process needs proper isolation, expansion and multi-stage delivery of stem cells to achieve best results. The process can take about a week or so. The entire process does not require any kind of surgery or staying in the hospital. Patients can return to their normal routine after the procedure is completed.

By choosing this form of treatment the patients can efficiently avoid invasive surgeries and the painful rehabilitation process required after the invasive knee joint surgery. Although after getting the injections the patient is advised to rest to help restore the strength, range-of-motion and mobility of the knee joints to pre-injury levels.

Is it safe?

Many patients inquire about the safety of this procedure. Stem cell therapies have been used in the field of medicine for almost 45 years now. They are the safest and most effective alternative to surgeries and other methods of treatment. The stem cells are 99.99% immunocompatible and there is virtually no threat of patient rejection.

Where to find these treatments?

These days stem cell treatments are offered by various doctors who have specialization in providing pain-management services. This could include orthopedics and anesthesiologists. Depending on the type of the treatment that you are looking for, you can choose a specific clinic.

What to expect?

Once you have found a particular clinic that meets your requirements you need to prepare yourself for certain procedures and they are as follows:

  • Before the treatment, the doctor will take a sample of your stem cell from the affected area.
  • Depending on the severity of your pain the injection will be prepared. It can be prepared really quickly if the intensity of your pain is less. In severe cases, it might take time to prepare the injection.
  • After the treatment, you will be allowed to go home and the doctor will advise you to rest for a few days before returning to your normal routine.
  • It is very normal to experience some swelling or minor pain near the injection site after the treatment.
  • Within 1 or 2 days most patients can return back to their normal routine without much difficulty.

Stem Cell Therapy For Pain is renowned for providing patients with efficient and effective stem cell therapy treatments. Here you will be able to find a dedicated team of doctors who work together to diagnose and prevent musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders. On the whole, it can be said that stem cell injections for the knee are the perfect option for you if you are looking for a noninvasive yet effective form of treatment for your damaged knee.